Chronology: Silver Dons 1833-1865
|Time of the Bells
|Gold in the Sun
|City of the Dream
1833 Secularization of the California Missions.
1836 Gov. Juan B. Alvarado's California independence is brief, turmoil follows.
1837 President Andrew Jackson leaves the White House.
1838 Pueblo status is abolished; San Diego made subprefecture of Los Angeles.
1844 President James K. Polk announces his determination for U.S. possession of California.
1845 Gov. Micheltorena faces revolt of the Californios.
1845 The United States annexes the Republic of Texas.
1846 Juan María Osuna and José Antonio Estudillo are last San Diego alcaldes under Mexican rule.
1846 The United States declares state of war exists with Mexico.
1846 Commodore John D. Sloat, USN, captures Monterey; Capt. John B. Montgomery captures San Francisco.
1846 Mexicans besiege San Diego.
1847 American flag raised at Mexico City.
1848 James Marshall discovers gold at Coloma.
1848 Mexico signs Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
1850 San Diego first county created by the Legislature.
1851 Federal Land Commission requires all landholders to prove valid title.
1852 Maj. Gen. Joshua Bean captures Garra; execution at San Diego.
1852 Phineas Banning and D. W. Alexander begin first San Diego-to-Los Angeles stage line.
1853 First meeting, San Diego County Board of Supervisors.
1853 Federal government authorizes Pacific Railroad Surveys; final report condemns possible San Diego routes.
1854 San Diego & Gila, Southern Pacific and Atlantic Railroad organized.
1855 Mormons strike coal at Point Loma.
1857 Mexicans massacre Gen. A. J. Crabb's filibusterers at Caborca.
1857 Dred Scott Decision brings the nation to the brink of Civil War.
1857 James Birch wins first transcontinental overland mail contract, San Diego to San Antonio; first mail arrives.
1857 Birch stages begin first scheduled transcontinental overland passenger service from San Diego.
1859 John Brown raids Harper's Ferry.
1860 San Diego Herald publishes its last edition.
1860 Abraham Lincoln elected president.
1861 The Civil War begins.
1861 State-wide storm brings 30-inch rain to San Diego; destroys 25% of California's taxable property.
1861 Earthquakes and flood tides damage San Diego.
1861 First Battle of Bull Run.
1861 First transcontinental telegraph reaches San Francisco.
1862 Congress passes the Pacific Railroad Bill.
1862 Two years of drought begin; cattle herds of the rancheros are decimated.
1863 Locust plague destroys crops; squatter and ranchero troubles become serious.
1865 Lee surrenders at Appomattox, ending the Civil War.
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