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BALBOA PARK HISTORY
Notes from the Richard Amero Collection
January 4, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:1, B-2:1. San Diego Museum begins 5-year plan of modernization; go-ahead signal given by United States: "Let’s bring it back alive!" slogan for program, by Ruth Taunton.
San Diego Museum Fine Arts Gallery, Natural History Museum and San Diego Zoo are keeping doors open to public this winter; Malcolm J. Rogers, museum curator, plans to eliminate museum fatigue with realistic scenes that are on an eye level; early history of museum recounted; admission has been free since 1925.
January 4, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:8. B-2:5. Recreation aid given in San Diego; playground and recreation department has completed its 13th year of organized effort; W. A. Kearns, director of recreation and physical education; sports programs help reduce juvenile delinquency.
January 9, 1942, San Diego Union, B-3:1. Synder Continuation High School new classroom unit just completed and furnished at cost of $35,000; dedication was yesterday.
January 18, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:1-7, B-2:1. San Diego offers newcomers advantages undreamed of in 1883; metropolis replaces barren hills, by Ruth Taunton.
January 23, 1942, Letter: The Commandant, Commandant’s Office, Eleventh Naval District, San Diego, California; To: The Commanding Officer, Naval Hospital, San Dieg, NH16/A-1/A16-3 (Serial No. P-5053); Subject: City Property Reserved for Possible Hospital Site in Balboa Park, National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
Reference: (a) Com11 ltr NH16/A1-1/A16-3, to W.. W. Cooper, dated Dec. 17, 1941.
Enclosure: (A) Copy of Will C. Crawford’s letter to Public Works Officer, dated Jan. 14, 1942.
1. By reference (a), the Commandant requested that City Manager to take no action which would divert to other use, the area located in an east and west direction between Park Boulevard and the Zoo, and in a north and south direction between the Museum of Natural History and the Roosevelt High School grounds.
2. Enclosure (A) is a copy of a letter from the Superintendent of Schools, requesting
information as to whether any building plans on the part of the Navy will interfere
with the City School development plans, whereby the area between the Indian
Village and Spanish Village was to be reserved as automobile parking area.
3. Inasmuch as the extensive program for hospital purposes on this site was not
approved by the Department, information is requested as to whether, in your
opinion, any part of this area should be retained. Comments are requested.
R. S. HOLMES
. (In writing) Comd’t.
January 28, 1942, Minutes of the Board of Park Commissioners.
Moved by Mr. Sessions, seconded by Mr. Friedman and unanimously carried that
an area in Balboa Park located south of Upas Street and west of Richmond Street . . . shall be officially allocated to the San Diego Area Council of the Boy Scouts of America.
8. "The general public shall not be excluded from the area except at such times as their presence would conflict with the program of scouting."
Inasmuch as the occupancy of Balboa Park by various units of the military has materially effected the park program, it was moved by Mr. Friedman, seconded by Mr. Sessions and unanimously carried that a regular schedule of meetings of the Board of Park Commissioners be discontinued and that meetings be called by the President upon occasions necessitating such meetings.
January 29, 1942, Letter, From R. S. Holmes, Rear Admiral, USN, Commandant, Eleventh Naval District; To; "Dear Sir"; Noy-4412 (PW), National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
There is enclosed a copy of a letter from the American Legion, dated December 31, 1941, in which request is made that consideration be given to the possibility of reimbursement to the Legion for expenditures made over the past 18 years or so to cover improvements made by the Legion to Building #15 in Balboa Park. An earlier letter claimed cash reimbursement but this was voluntarily withdrawn and this substitute claim states that if the American Legion can secure the use of the Building, after the war is over, in approximately the same condition as when vacated, the use by the Navy of facilities paid for by the Legion is agreeable to the Legion without claim for compensation.
In taking over the building, the Navy also took over considerable furniture owned by the Legion and arrangements for payment therefore are underway. It is understood that the permit from the City to the American Legion covered no rental charges and provided that structural improvements became the property of the City, and, consequently, the City rather than the American Legion, is the owner of the work covered by the attached letter.
The Navy has installed numerous improvements in Building #16 which has greatly increased its intrinsic value. The primary item torn out was the stage and adjacent partitions which were of comparatively little value.
Just what arrangements will be made at the time the structure is returned to the City cannot be foreseen at this time, but the Commandant is inclined to file the claim of the American Legion without action at present and prior to acknowledgment of its receipt, and expressing appreciation of their most cheerful cooperation requests the views of the City on the matter.
Yours very truly,
R. S. HOLMES
Mr. Walter W. Cooper
City of San Diego, California
cc: American Legion, Balboa Park.
cc. Res. O-in-C, Noy-4412.
January 29, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1. Mission Beach lease legality questioned.
BALBOA PARK HISTORY
February 1, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:2-3, B-2:8. San Diego turns to simple games; brooms, darts, corks used in new recreation, by Ruth Taunton.
February 1, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Fine Arts Gallery will provide reading room for service men.
February 4, 1942, San Diego Union, A-3:3. Civilian defense units of San Diego ready to serve.
February 5, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1-8. Japs in California Aiding Enemy (headline).
February 5, 1942, San Diego Union, A-3:4-5. General Pendleton succumbs after long illness.
February 7, 1942, San Diego Union, A-2:2-3. First recruit parade held at Camp Elliott.
February 8, 1942, San Diego Union, C-4:1-2. New location sought for midsummer night symphony programs, by Constance Herreshoff.
February 8, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Fine Arts Gallery director to speak today on progress of art in America.
February 9, 1942, San Diego Union, A-2:6-7. Representative Dies proposes removal of Japs 500 miles inland.
February 10, 1942, San Diego Union, B-3:3. Match play begins today in Balboa Park men’s golf club tournament.
February 12, 1942, Letter, From: R. S. Holmes, Rear Admiral, USN, Commandant, Eleventh Naval District, San Diego, California; To: "Dear Sir"; NH16/A1-1/A16-3 (PW), National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
In replay to your letter of January 14, 1942, in the matter of parking area in Balboa Park, adjacent to the Administration Building which you plan to construct, you are informed that the Navy requested the City of San Diego to reserve the area between Park Boulevard and the Zoo, and between the Natural History Museum north to, and including Indian Village, for future expansion of Naval Hospital facilities.
It is understood that this new Administration Building will be located west of Alameda Street, and not on the area reserved for Hospital expansion, and the only encroachment would be the use of a portion of the area desired by the Navy for parking purposes.
While the construction of new buildings for Hospital expansion in Balboa Park has not yet been authorized, the Navy desires to continue to retain this site in reserve for possible use at a later date.
There is no objection to the temporary use of a portion of this area for parking purposes.
Very truly yours,
R. S. HOLMES
Mr. Will C. Crawford
Superintendent of Schools,
825 Union Street,
San Diego, California.
cc - City Manager
February 15, 1942, San Diego Union, A-14:5. Navy limits training station visiting hours.
February 15, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Spruance, noted lithographer, to be discussed at Fine Arts Gallery.
February 16, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1-8. Indian periled as Singapore falls (headline).
February 18, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:4-6. San Diego rentals "frozen" at April 1, 1941 levels.
February 19, 1942, San Diego Union, A-3:3. New USO units to be dedicated.
February 21, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:2. Navy plans San Diego improvements.
February 21, 1942, San Diego Union, A-6:2. Balboa Park USO dedication tonight.
February 21, 1942, San Diego Union, A-10:1. San Diego air-raid warning system expanded.
February 22, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:2-3. Thirty five local Japanese arrested by F. B. I.
February 22, 1942, San Diego Union, A-8:1-3. Pete March, San Diego Zoo, trains baby elephants for San Diego performances.
February 22, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Water-color paintings to be topic of talk at Fine Arts Gallery.
February 24, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1-8. Submarine shells Santa Barbara coast in first mainland attack of war.
February 24, 1942, San Diego Union, B:4-8. Midnight tonight set for California alien evacuation after officials row on deadline.
BALBOA PARK HISTORY
March 11, 1942, San Diego Union, 1:4, A-1:3. Stroke fatal to Julius Wangenheim, funeral tomorrow for civic leader.
March 12, 1942, San Diego Union, 9:3. George W. Marston honors Julius Wangenheim; rites set today.
March 14, 1942, Letter, From: R. S. Holmes, Rear Admiral, USN, Commandant, Eleventh Naval District; to Walter D. Cohn, in charge of USO Bldg. #12, Balboa Park, San Diego, California, NH16/A1-1/A16-3 (PW), National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
Dear Mr. Cohn:
The enclosed print shows the area in Balboa Park which was taken over last December by the Navy for hospital expansion. This area is under military control of the Medical Officer-in-Command of the Naval Hospital who is responsible for its condition and safety.
All activities formerly located within this area have been removed except for the Red Cross, which is now moving to an outside location, and the United Service Organization Recreation Center now functioning in the west end of Building 12.
Security of the Naval Hospital necessitates military control of all activity within the Hospital area. This area includes the U. S. O. recreation unit and the Commandant has directed the Medical Officer-in-Command of the Naval Hospital to assume the same military control over this unit as is exercised over all other portions of this area.
This will require frequent inspections for sanitation, removal of rubbish, sufficiency of fire protection measures and control through the issue of passes to all persons entering this area for legitimate reasons.
Some alterations in the structure in the interests of better safety and fire protection will be required. There will be some restrictions as to recreational activities, the details of which will be determined by the Medical Officer-in-Command of the Naval Hospital.
The Commandant is writing to Mr. Wayne Neal of the Office of the Federal Security Agency, Civic Center, informing him of the action taken, and stating that the Commandant is writing to the Secretary of the Navy, recommending that this U. S. O. recreational center be transferred to an outside location.
Yours very truly.
R. S. HOLMES
Mr. Walter D. Cohn
In charge of U.S.O. Bldg. #12, Balboa Park, San Diego, California.
March 14, 1942, Letter: R. S. Holmes, Rear Admiral, USN, Commandant, Eleventh Naval District, to Wayne Neal, Office of the Federal Security Agency, 602 Civic Center, San Diego, California; NH16/A1-1/A16-3 (PW); National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
Dear Mr. Neal:
The enclosed print shows the area in Balboa Park which was taken over last December by the Navy for hospital expansion. This area is under military control of the Medical Officer in Command of the Naval Hospital who is responsible for its condition and safety.
All activities formerly located within this area have been removed except for the Red Cross, which is now moving to an outside location, and the United Service Organization recreation center now functioning in the west end of Building 12.
Securing of the Naval Hospital necessitates military control of all activity within the Hospital area. This area includes the U. S. O. recreation unit and the Commandant has directed the Medical Officer in Command of the Naval Hospital to assume the same military control over this unit as is exercised over all other portions of this area.
This will require frequent inspections for sanitation, removal of rubbish, sufficiency of fire protection measures and control through the issue of passes to all persons entering this area for legitimate reasons.
Some alterations in the structure in the interests of better safety and fire protection will be required. There will be some restrictions as to recreational activities, the details of which will be determined by the Medical Officer in Command of the Naval Hospital.
A similar letter is being written to Mr. Walter D. Cohn in charge of the U. S. O. center in Building 12. Oral information as to this necessity was given to you and to Mr. Cohn on March 10, 1942.
Earlier action has not been taken in the case of the U. S. O. as was done for all other activities within this area for the reason that it was thought for some time that this Recreation Center would be of direct benefit to the Naval Personnel housed within this area. This personnel was primarily composed of hospital corpsmen, naval ambulatory patients and nurses. New plans call for more patients and few hospital corpsmen. Recent inspections developed not only the need for Naval control over fire protection, sanitation and safety, but also the fact that the U. S. O. proposes to hold dances, etc., involving activities and a degree of public access which would affect security and be disturbing to a Naval Hospital. This issue of passes for such purpose would be a difficult matter and would be unsatisfactory not only to the hospital but to those participating in U. S. O. functions.
The Commandant is writing the Secretary of the Navy recommending that this U. S. O. recreation unit be transferred to an outside location where no interference with or from Naval control will be encountered. This recommendation is also necessitated by the need of the Naval Hospital for use of the area occupied by the U. S. O. in Building 12.
Yours very truly,
R. S. HOLMES
Mr. Wayne Neal
March 17, 1942, Letter, From: The Commandant, Commandant’s Office, Eleventh Naval District, San Diego, California; To: The Commanding Officer, Naval Training Station; AH16/A16-1; NH16/A1-1/A16-3 (Serial No. P-5566), National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
SUBJECT: Control of Civilian Traffic Through the Hospital Area in Balboa Park.
Enclosure: (A) Two (2) copies of print showing area involved.
(B) Copy of Comdt’s ltr. to City Manager, dated March 13, 1942,
(C) Copy of Comdt’s ltr, to CO, Naval Hospital, dated March 14, 1942.
1. The Commandant has recommended to the Secretary of the Navy that the U. S. O. Recreational Unit in Building 12, Balboa Park, be moved to a location outside the area used for Naval Hospital expansion and pending such removal has directed the Medical Officer-in-Command at the Naval Hospital, to exercise military control over the activities of the U. S. O. Unit.
2. This action lead to the issuance of information to the City Manager as to public
access to the area involved. A copy of the letter to the City Manager is enclosed as enclosure
(B). The guards at the west end of Cabrillo Bridge are maintained by the Training Station.
These guards control automobile traffic moving east but do not restrict pedestrians. The
hospital guard at the gatehouse just east of Building 24 will control passes to pedestrians
entering the hospital area. The guards at the east entrance on Laurel Street will control both
automobile traffic and pedestrians. The issuance of passes to the Naval Training Station is
subject to such regulations as the Commanding Officer of the Training Station may deem
3. It is requested that any matters concerning coordination of guards to avoid duplication, as
well as cooperation in the interests of simplifying the matter of passes to pedestrians entering
the hospital area enroute to the Training Station Area be taken up with the Medical Officer-
in-Command of the Naval Hospital.
G. M. RAVENSCROFT,
Chief of Staff.
Cc MOinC, Naval Hospital.
March 20, 1942, San Diego Union, A-2:4. Many park attractions still open to public; map shows unrestricted park areas open to public.
Barracks: Federal Building, Palace of Electricity, Palace of Entertainment and California State Building.
Dispensary: Palace of Education.
Classes: Ford Bowl.
Officers’ Quarters: House of Pacific Relations.
Headquarters: Christian Science Building.
March 24, 1942, Minutes of the Board of Park Commissioners.
The Director reported on the occupancy of park areas in the vicinity of Upas and Pershing, Upas and Richmond, and West Boulevard and Quince Street by the U. S. Army.
March 29, 1942, San Diego Union, A-14:1. Plans studied for city use of $100,000 Cuyamaca CCC camp.
March 29, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1-2. Health, morale of men high in landscaped paradise.
March 29, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:1-8, B-2:1. Camp named in honor of Admiral Issac C. Kidd, who died at Pearl Harbor.
BALBOA PARK HISTORY
April 1, 1942, Letter, R. S. Holmes, Commandant’s Office, Eleventh Naval District, San Diego, California; To: The Secretary of the Navy; Via: The Bureau of Yards and Docks, NH16/!1-1/A16-3; NH6/A1-1/A16-3, Serial No. P-5758); National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
SUBJECT: City property in Balboa Park taken by Navy for Hospital and Training Station use.
Reference: (a) A1Nav 142, 7 Dec. 1941,
(b) Comdts. Disp. 110123, Dec 1941 to SecNav.
(c) Comdts. Disp. 201955, Dec 1941 to BuNav.
Enclosure: (A) Print of plan ND11/N1-1 (68), Hospital Expansion.
(B) Print ND11/N1-1 (73), Training Station Expansion.
1. As covered by references and as shown on enclosures, certain buildings in Balboa Park have
been taken over by the Navy and converted for hospital and training station use.
2. The following tables enumerate the buildings and give their approximate value. These values are taken from the County Assessors appraisal for insurance purposes.
HOSPITAL TRAINING STATION
LAND 15 Acres Unknown LAND 33 Acres Value Unknown
Bldg. 11&12 $ 62,010 Bldg. 28 $ 28,120
13 54,055 [Elec. Bldg.] 29 11,900
14 37,370 30 3,570
15 48,370 [House Hosp.] 34 17,525
19 29,720 35 40,100
20 27,950 36 20,070
60 14,755 37 29,800
41 [Fed. Bldg.] 76,000
3. The above values do not represent cash outlay for the structures by the City. There has been some Federal assistance in past work of restoration such as WPA labor. Building 41 was the Federal Building during the last exposition and was probably paid for by Federal appropriation. Certain other buildings were constructed under funds of other agencies. The Navy has now taken over responsibility for maintenance and has done some repair work. Certain improvements have been installed by the Navy which will be of permanent value. No allowance is made in table for land values. There has been some destruction of improvements such as certain sprinkler systems which will have to be restored when buildings are returned to the City and some destruction of landscape improvements. Practically all of these structures were formerly leased without compensation to organizations such as American Legion, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Red Cross, State Guard, Art Classes, Vocational Schools, etc. and most of the lessees assumed responsibility for repair and maintenance. The U. S. O. still has a recreation center in the west end of Building 12. The public is restricted as to access and automobile traffic prohibited in general except that Laurel Street is open for through traffic for a short time to relieve the afternoon rush period.
4. The City has been most cooperative and no representations have been advanced for
compensation. The city has, at various times in the past, transferred much valuable real
estate to the Navy without cost and this policy has greatly contributed to the city’s growth
and prosperity. There are some objectionable features from a municipal viewpoint in that
such property is removed from tax rolls and the increase in military personnel has increased operating expenses such as schools, traffic control, etc. and lately, with defense workers housing projects added, has involved improvements for sewerage, water supply, better roads, more road repairs, etc. This is offset in some measure by Federal funds for sewer work and Federal aid on some highways, useful WPA projects, etc. Federal control of rents, etc., while necessary and proper, has held down real estate values and while certain classes of citizens have benefited from this expansion, all have had to pay higher taxes including that large majority covering those less able to pay and receiving no benefit from the increased growth and many of whom preferred conditions when they were quieter.
5. The matter of mutual benefit is extremely complicated with much to be considered on each side of the general question of benefits and injury. Inasmuch as property elsewhere used by the Navy is, in general, being paid for at fair market rentals to owners, individuals or organizations who have not voluntarily contributed to the Navy, equities comparable in
degree to those given by San Diego, the Commandant is inclined to the view that the City is entitled to compensation for use of this property. Had these buildings not been available, the expenditure of considerable money would have been required to secure equivalent facilities. The City is deprived of so much of the heart of its park as to greatly decrease its value to its citizens. The Commandant believes a rental of about $1250 a month would be fair and reasonable and constitute a recognition of the City’s helpful cooperation. This would amount to $15,000 per annum or about 3 % on the tabulated values of the buildings with no allowance for land.
6. The City is not empowered to rent these park structures for compensation. Such act would
require a vote of the people but it is probable that a proposition to accept this rent would
received approval at an election. Rental could be made retroactive to about December 10,
1941, the date possession was first taken.
7. This matter has not been discussed with city officials and no information concerning this
recommendation has been given to them. The views and instructions of the Secretary of
the Navy on this question are requested.
R. S. HOLMES
April 1, 1942, San Diego Union, A-4:1. Red Light area to "protect" San Diego girls urged.
April 3, 1942, San Diego Union, A-7:2. Museum of Natural History schedules three outdoor events.
April 3, 1942, San Diego Union, A-15:1. Ornithologists to speak at Museum of Natural History meeting in Balboa Park.
April 3, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:2-3. New San Diego County marine camp named after General Joseph Pendleton.
April 4, 1942, San Diego Union, B-6:2-4. Ornithologists convene here for meeting of Cooper Ornithological Club in Natural History Museum library.
April 5, 1942, San Diego Union, A-12:4. Shell opened in incubator at San Diego Zoo.
April 5, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:8. Navy gets use of municipal plunge in Balboa Park.
April 5, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:7-8. Old, modern prints to be topic of talk at Fine Arts Gallery.
April 6, 1942, Letter, From: Attorney General; to: Frank Knox, Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C.; by Messenger; 33-5-479; National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
My dear Mr. Secretary:
An examination has been made of the title date relating to 39.93 acres of land, more or less, in Balboa Park in the City and County of San Diego, California. This land is to be acquired without cost to the United States by authority of an Act of Congress approved April 22, 1940 (54 Stat. 145). Your reference number is KP-102/N1-13 (401211) U, and the file number of this Department is 33-5-479.
This land is briefly described as Parcel 3 under Section 2 of the aforesaid Act, and is particularly described in the copy of the deed from the City of San Diego to the United States of America, set out at page 65 of the abstract.
The abstract, consisting of 79 pages, was last satisfactorily certified on October 17, 1940, by Dayton L. Ault, Acting City Attorney of the City of San Diego.
The abstract and accompanying date disclose the title to be vested in The City of San Diego, a municipal corporation, subject to the rights or claims of persons in possession.
It is to be noted that under the aforesaid deed to the United States the land is conveyed for military purposes and particularly for use by the United States Government, in connection with and as part of the Naval Hospital now being operated and maintained by the United States Government.
It is also to be noted that under the said proposed conveyance the City of San Diego has reserved a perpetual easement for the laying and maintaining of underground public utilities, such as sewers, drains, water mains, gas, electric and power lines across any and all of said land whenever necessary or convenient.
It is to be noted further that the aforesaid Act of Congress expressly authorizes the acquisition of all the right, title and interest of the City of San Diego in and to this land, but the acceptance by your Department of the said transfer or quitclaim by the City shall not be construed as a relinquishment by the United States of its claim of title or interest in said land in any manner arising.
When the above objection has been met, the original deed to the United States, of which the enclosed in a copy, has been recorded, the abstract has been continued and certified to a date subsequent to the recordation of the deed, disclosing that nothing has occurred since the date of the present certificate to affect the title adversely, and showing the vesting of a valid title to the United States of America and this Department has been informed in writing that the above-noted perpetual easement will not interfere with the contemplated use of the land, the title will be approved subject to the aforesaid easement.
The abstract of title and related papers are enclosed.
April 6, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:3-4. George W. Marston urges support for "great bulwark" of China.
April 6, 1942, San Diego Union, B:1-3. Easter services in Ford Bowl for Camp Kidd recruits.
April 7, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:5-6, B:1. Twelve hundred Japanese evacuees ready to leave for Manzanar tonight.
(March 18, 1962, San Diego Union, B-1:1-8. The Day the Japanese were evacuated, by Mitch Himaka.)
April 8, 1942, San Diego Union, A-10:3-4. New Red Cross headquarters opened in Balboa Park.
April 12, 1942, San Diego Union, A-14:1. Army Engineers to study Switzer Canyon flood program.
Switzer creek often became swollen by storms and several times has topped a small dam near 20th and B Streets when the pipe or storm drain beneath the dam has been unable to carry the water away rapidly enough.
April 12, 1942, San Diego Union, A-14:2-4. San Diego Zoo gets three wallaroos From San Francisco Zoological Gardens in exchange for a shipment of wallabys.
April 12, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Spanish Village show presents amateur, professional artists, by Reginald Poland.
April 18, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1-8. Tokyo bombed by allied planes in war’s first attack on Japan (headline).
April 18, 1942, San Diego Union, A-7:3. Sally Rand proud of her husband.
April 19, 1942, San Diego Union, B-8:1. Boy Scouts seek new site in Balboa Park when the war ends; area near the northern boundary south of Upas Street and west of Richmond Street.
April 19, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. State College Teachers will discuss exhibit of enamels.
April 26, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Solo show by San Diego painters to be talk at Fine Arts Gallery.
BALBOA PARK HISTORY
May 3, 1942, San Diego Union, A-6:5. Arts and Crafts exhibit at Fine Arts Gallery in Balboa Park seen by large crowd.
May 3, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. San Diego Art Guild exhibition opens with reception at Fine Arts Gallery.
May 5, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:2-4. Five camels just returned from Yuma to San Diego Zoo; they participated in the making of "The Road to Morocco," a motion picture.
May 6, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1-8. Corregidor Falls! (headline)
May 9, 1942, Letter, From: R. S Holmes, Commandant, Eleventh Naval District, San Diego California; To: The Judge Advocate General of the Navy, NH16/N1-13 (f) (Serial No. P-6162); National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
SUBJECT: Acquisition of 32.93 acres of land, more or less, in Balboa Park for addition to the Naval Hospital, San Diego, California - GIFT FROM THE CITY OF SAN DIEGO TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
Reference: (a) JAG ltr. JAG:U:DWA:amn, SO-5093, dates Apr 29 1942 to Com11.
(b) Ltr. from AttyGen to SecNav dated April 6, 1942.
1. Reference (a) deals with the reservation which the City of San Diego has made in the deed transferring 32.93 acres of land, more or less, in Balboa Park to the Federal Government for an addition to the Naval Hospital, San Diego. This reservation retains for the City, a perpetual easement for the laying and maintaining of underground public utilities, such as sewers, drains, water mains, gas, electric and power lines across any and all said lands wherever necessary or convenient.
2. It is noted that the language of this reserved perpetual easement is identical with the
language of the reservation written into the deed, dated September 4, 1940, by the Federal
Government which conveyed certain lands at the Naval Supply Depot, Naval Training
Station, Marine Corps Base and Destroyer Base to the City. The transfer of these lands to
the City as well as authorization to accept certain lands from the city was contained in the
Act of Congress, approved April 22, 1940 (54 Stat., 145).
3. In response to the specific question in reference (a), the Judge Advocate of the Navy is informed that the easement referred to above in the deed from the City for this land in Balboa Park will not interfere with the contemplated use of the land by the Navy Department.
R. S. HOLMES.
May 9, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1-8. Jap Fleet repulsed with big loss in greatest U. S. Naval battle (headline).
May 10, 1942, San Diego Union, B-8:2-5. San Diego Zoo elephants get teacher; former circus trainer bringing up babies.
May 10, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Fine Arts Gallery has refreshing exhibition of art by County School pupils, by Reginald Poland..
May 10, 1942, San Diego Union, C-10:1-3. Rare collection of nature prints shown in Natural History Museum.
May 17, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:8. City to issue calls for bids on sewer job; plans for $200,000 line through Balboa Park drawn.
May 17, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Fine Arts Gallery acquires new painting, old Chinese bronze cauldron.
May 17, 1942, San Diego Union, C-10:1-3. Two museums give space to show print collections.
Due to the fact that Photographic Arts Society gallery is closed for the duration, its officers arranged with the Natural History Museum, and the San Diego Historical Society to display prints from the First Annual Salon Nature division of the Photographic Society of America, in their respective museums.
May 19, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:2-4. Newest of San Diego Zoo infants named "Bing" for Bing Crosby.
May 22, 1942, San Diego Union, A-15:3. Brownie revel scheduled at San Diego Zoo tomorrow.
May 24, 1942, San Diego Union, A-14:2-4. Five baby Barbary sheep to make debut on deer mesa at San Diego Zoo.
May 24, 1942, San Diego Union, A-14:2-4. Exhibitions at Fine Arts Gallery declared prophetic of future paintings.
May 30, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:8. Convalescent Navy men to get park playroom; Red Cross equips Falstaff Tavern for recreation.
May 31, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. China’s gift to art, civilization to be topic of talk at Fine Arts Gallery.
May 31, 1942, San Diego Union, C-10:1-4. 1942 Annual of Photography Prints to be shown in Fine Arts Gallery.
BALBOA PARK HISTORY
June 5, 1942, San Diego Union, A-2:5-6. Gertrude Gilbert honored for San Diego cultural service; book given in recognition of benefactions, by Constance Herreshoff; largely due to Miss Gertrude Gilbert and Miss Alice Lee the exposition buildings were saved after the City Council voted to scrap them; they raised $63,000 for the restoration.
June 6, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1-8. Japanese Naval force fleeing after repulse at Midway Island (headline).
June 6, 1942, San Diego Union, A-26:1. U. S. Navy completes park enlistment program to be held at Organ Pavilion tomorrow morning.
June 7, 1942, San Diego Union, A-16:2-5. Park ceremony planned to swear in recruits.
June 7, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Art, craft of city schools is to be topic at Fine Arts Gallery today, by Julia G. Andrews.
June 8, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1, B:1-4. Thousands join Navy in mass U. S. inductions; 93 admitted here.
June 10, 1942, Letter, From: R. S Holmes, Rear Admiral, USN, Commandant, Eleventh Naval District; To: Mr. Walter W. Cooper, City Manager, City of San Diego, San Diego California; NH16/N1-1/A16-3 (PW); National Archives; Pacific Southwest Region.
The Medical Officer in Command of the Naval Hospital has requested that the wire fence south of Building 13 be moved to include within the Balboa Hospital Extension are, the adjacent lawn.
Building 13 is the building on the south side of Laurel Street at the east end of the Hospital extension and is the building formerly occupied by the Red Cross. The lawn desired is somewhat less than one acre.
The extension is requested to permit from 600 to 800 convalescent patients from Building 13 to use the area for lounging and relaxation in the sun and to keep them off Laurel Street.
Park Superintendent W. Allen Perry desires the extended fence be kept within the surrounding path so that this path will be open to park workmen and to the public.
Your consent to the proposed extension of fence for this purpose is requested.
The Commandant desires to express his appreciation of the City’s cooperation and also the assistance of the Park Department in maintaining and preserving these lawns and shrubs.
Yours very truly,
R. S HOLMES
June 14, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Reiffel memorial exhibit proves popular at Fine Arts Gallery, by Reginald A. Poland.
June 14, 1942, San Diego Union, C-10:6-7. Fine Arts Gallery to present summer program, by Reginald Poland.
June 15, 1942 (signed), Letter, From: R. S. Holmes, Commandant, Eleventh Naval District; To: Mr. Walter W. Cooper, City Manager, City of San Diego, Civic Center, San Diego, California; NH16/A1-1/A16-3 (PW); National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
Subject: Emergency Water Supply, Naval Hospital.
The Navy Department has made a study of the water supply requirements at the Naval Hospital, the Naval Hospital Annex and Camp Kidd in Balboa Park.
This study has indicated the necessity for providing an emergency water supply of two 1,000,000 gallon concrete surface tanks. The proposed location of the tanks is indicated on the marked prints enclosed herewith. A representative of the Navy Department conferred with Mr. Perry, Park Superintendent, and the proposed location of the tanks was tentatively approved.
It is requested that a permit be granted for the construction of these two concrete tanks including the necessary pipe lines. The urgency of providing this emergency water supply is of such importance in safeguarding Navy activities in Balboa Park that it is requested this permit be issued at the earliest practicable date.
Yours very truly,
R. S HOLMES
June 16, 1942, San Diego Union, A-7:4. Work awards go to Naval Hospital.
June 21, 1942, San Diego Union, B-2:2-4. Junior Chamber of Commerce cited G. A. Davidson for community service yesterday.
June 21, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Alfred R. Mitchell to discuss oil paintings in special exhibit at Fine Arts Gallery, by Julia G. Andrews.
June 27, 1942, San Diego Union, B-10:1. Dropping of city organ recitals draws protests.
Protests against elimination of Royal A. Brown as city organist and cessation of recitals on the outdoor organ in Balboa Park for the duration were made to the city council yesterday.
Protestants included the Rt. Rev. John M. Hagerty, pastor of Our Lady of Angel church; the Musicians’ Protective Association of the American Federation of Musicians; and the San Diego chapter, American Guild of Organists.
Walter Cooper, city manager, explained that Brown’s contract expires Wednesday and that no funds were allocated in the city’s 1943-43 budget for continuation of services.
"It’s too difficult for people to get into the park now that the navy has taken over the greater part of the grounds," said Cooper. "Due to the war and other circumstances the organ as a cultural institution is out of the picture. Tourists are no longer with us, and the attendance does not justify continuation of the recitals."
June 28, 1942, San Diego Union, C-4:3-4. Three thousand different tunes played each year on organ program, by Constance Herreshoff.
June 28, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Fine Arts Gallery director to discuss Titian art; exhibit of pen drawings planned, by Reginald Poland.
June 29, 1942, San Diego Union, A-7:4. New York World’s Fair reports deficit of 19 million.
BALBOA PARK HISTORY
July 1, 1942, Minutes of the Board of Park Commissioners
The Commission discussed the operation of the Kiddie Kar Ride in Balboa Park with reference to the operator’s failure to comply with laws governing Federal excise tax, and with reference to subletting his contract rights without written permission of the Park Director.
Mr. Friedman elected President of the Board of Park Commissioners; Mrs. Besse Clark Bretz, retiring president.
July 1, 1942, San Diego Union, A-8:2. The services of Royal A. Brown as city organist and the daily organ recitals on the outdoor organ in Balboa Park will be discontinued until after the war.
July 5, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:2-3, B:2-3. Rent regulations for San Diego; hotels, rooming houses arrive.
July 5, 1942, San Diego Union, A-7:2-3. Museum of Natural History donates rare rubber Philippine-grown latex to Uncle Sam.
July 5, 1942, San Diego Union, A-10:2. San Diego Zoo stork delivers six European boars.
July 5, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Ganines sculpture will be viewed on tour of Fine Arts Gallery, by Reginald Poland.
July 8, 1942, Letter, From: Reginald Poland, Director, Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego; To: Admiral Ralston Holmes, 11th Naval District, San Diego, National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
SUBJECT: Entrance to Balboa Park to visit the Art Gallery.
Dear Admiral Holmes:
Since last Sunday there has been a noticeable absence of visitors in our Gallery. In checking, it seems that certain guards have refused the entrance to persons, now and again, who wished to visit this Gallery. I write to enquire whether some way may be effected whereby at least most of the pedestrians who come to the Park entrances, wishing to visit the Gallery, may be allowed to do so.
I have heard from H. S. Walsh, who this afternoon was on duty at the East entrance to the Park, that, effective last Saturday, no pedestrians were supposed to be allowed to come into the Park simply to walk into it and around it, and possibly through it. Also, Mr. Walsh, said, no one under 18 years of age is supposed to enter the Park, unless accompanied by an adult. This guard also said that, if he is supplied with the names of children and/or adults attending the classes in the Gallery, such persons should be allowed to come into the Park for the purpose of going to the Gallery.
Naturally, it is not for me to say what are to be the rules of Balboa Park, or to make any criticism pro and con about any of the rules that have been made by the armed forces. I write to enquire whether some way may be evolved, so that more of the public may have an opportunity to study and enjoy the Gallery and the wonderful permanent and temporary exhibitions which we have here.
It might be that "Mr. and Mrs. John Doe" would decide they would like to visit the Gallery, come to the East entrance of the Park, but not know that they would have to say they were coming to the Gallery in order to be admitted to the Park. They would not have any means of knowing, and would say, "We just wanted to look around." So they would be refused. If, however, the guard were authorized to ask: "What is your purpose in entering?" then they* would probably say, "To visit the Gallery."
As to our Junior membership, of which we have about 200, could they come in (although none of them are over 14 years of age), if they show a Junior membership card of the Fine Arts Society? As far as is possible, we will see that the names of all who are in regular classes are placed at both East and West entrances to Balboa Park. If you feel that it is necessary, we could sent a notice to each one of our membership that, in coming to the park to visit the Gallery, he or she should show the Art Society membership card to the guards.
It does seem to bad, when we have such fine things here, and when people need them so terribly these days, that many should be kept away from such an opportunity. I think that we do realize your difficulties and the complications in connection with Balboa Park. I hope that we are reasonable. We have certainly tried to be.
On our part, we have arranged exhibitions especially for the armed forces. (For example, we arranged a big exhibition by members of our Guild, which has been for over a month at Camp Callan, and is now going the rounds of the military centers. This was done specifically for those in the Service). We have had a Poster Competition, with prizes here, and are trying to arrange for craft classes for those in the Service --- partly therapeutic, partly for the general satisfaction of the men. I have organized a Camouflage group, and we are definitely working with those in the regular military service toward solving some of the innumerable problems requiring camouflage. We have let down the bars, and have the Gallery open every day, free. Even on such mornings as the Gallery is closed to the general public, we unlock the doors and always let the Army and Navy men in to see the collections. I am continually giving talks to those in the Service; have just this afternoon arranged for another group to come in. We have special talks for the nurses every month, and next Monday are having a big tea as well as an art program for them. This is for all the nurses in the military service in this area. Also, we are trying to arrange at least one superlative concert each month, the finest music by especially good, professional musicians, for men in the service. I merely mention this to suggest that we are sincere in our desire to cooperate.
I must not take more of your time. I write hoping that we may be able to help a situation which seems to have been growing in certain directions.
Appreciating any assistance,
Director, Fine Arts Gallery
of San Diego.
July 10, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:2-3. Navy now exclusive holder of Santa Margarita ranch.
July 12, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:8, B-2:1. Stay-at-home vacationers have wide recreation choice in San Diego; beaches, parks give opportunities for varied activities, by Ruth Taunton.
July 12, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Monty Lewis, Frank Van Sloun work subject for informal discussion at Fine Arts Gallery today, by Julia G. Andrews.
July 14, 1942, Letter, From: The Medical Officer in Command, U. S. Naval Hospital, San Diego, California; To: The Commandant, Eleventh Naval District; Via: The Commanding Officer, Naval Training Station, NH16/00; National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
Subject: Control of traffic through the hospital area in Balboa Park.
1. There have been no changes in the regulations governing pedestrians and motor traffic through the hospital area in Balboa Park since the civil guard was established there early in March.
2. Shortly after he hospital occupied the park buildings in January, the Director of the Fine Arts Gallery was visited and a general scheme of cooperation was agreed to. No changes have been made in these agreements. On numerous occasions since then, similar conferences either by telephone or by personal visits have been held. Every request made by the Director of the Fine Arts Gallery for the admission of special parties has been complied with, and additional guards have been posted to facilitate these arrangements. The only restriction of visitors to the Fine Arts Gallery via the Hospital reservation are girls under eighteen (18) years of age who are unaccompanied by adults or whose names do not appear on the list of art students furnished by the Gallery. This is not a new restriction, however, and the number is relatively small. It has been necessary in order to prevent young girls who have no intention of inspecting the Arts Gallery from gaining admission to the reservation for other purposes.
3. With respect t the statement contained in the letter of the Director of Fine Arts Gallery to the effect that attendance at that institution has declined recently, it has been noted by hospital personnel that since the Spreckels Organ Concerts were discontinued about July 1, there has been a marked falling off in the number of visitors to the park. It is believed that this factor may account for the decline in the number of visitors to the Art Gallery.
4. In this connection, it may be noted that when the hospital unit was established in Balboa Park, special care was taken to leave open direct access for the public to both the Organ Bowl and the Fine Arts Gallery without the necessity of visitors passing through the hospital reservation. This approach to the Fine Arts Gallery is an eight foot wide, shaded, gravel path, which leads from Alameda Drive adjacent to the Botanical Gardens and near the entrance to the Zoo. This approach may be used by visitors to the Art Gallery without passing through any part of the Naval reservation.
(Signed) W. CHAMBERS.
July 17, 1942, Letter, From: R. S. Holmes, Rear Admiral, U. S. N.; to Mr. Reginald Poland, Fine Arts Gallery, Balboa Park, San Diego, Calif.; ND11/NH16/A1-1, NC A16-3 (A2-Bm); National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
Dear Mr. Poland:
With further reference to your letter of July 8, 1942, on the subject of entrance to the Balboa Park Art Gallery, inquiry was made of the Commanding Officer, U. S. Naval Hospital, as to whether any changes had been made in the regulations regarding admittance to the Fine Arts Gallery, Balboa Park, that were in conflict with the Commandant’s letter of March 13, 1942 to the City Manager of San Diego, or to the Notice to the Public published in the San Diego Union on March 20, 1942. Copy of the Commanding Officer’s reply is enclosed.
The Commanding Officer of the Naval Hospital is responsible for the military security of the area in which the Fine Arts Gallery is located. He will cooperate with you in every way to permit visits to the Fine Arts Gallery that is consistent with the necessary security of naval activities in this area.
It is suggested that any further arrangements you desire to make for entrance to the Fine
Arts Gallery be taken up with that officer.
R. S. HOLMES
Rear Admiral, U. S. N.
cc: Capt. Wm. Chambers
July 17, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:3, A-14:1-2. City Manager Cooper assails U. S. red tape at "Town Meeting"; no federal aid has come to the city to meet increased demands for recreational facilities; Balboa Park is all but closed to civilian use.
July 18, 1942, Letter, From: Reginald Poland, Director, Fine Arts Gallery, Balboa Park; To: R. S Holmes, Rear Admiral, U. S. Navy, Commandant’s Office, Eleventh Naval District, San Diego; A16-3; National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
Dear Admiral Holmes,
I greatly appreciate your kind letter of July 17 to my letter, and thank you for this. With all that you have to consider and take care of, it means a very great deal to use that you are interested and are acting in the complicated problem we have.
On various occasions, as Dr. Chambers indicated in his note to you, he has been good enough to give us some time to discuss this same problem. He has always been most considerate, kind and cooperative. This has meant a very great deal to us.
It was simply that, in the instance of certain guards apparently interpreting rulings in perhaps a different way from certain of the other guards, and making for a still more complicated condition, that I have troubled you at all. I hope now that all the guards do understand exactly what the rules are, and that everything may therefore work out still more smoothly and satisfactorily to all concerned.
I have a date to see Dr. Chambers within half an hour, and if anything still needs clarification, certainly we should be able to straighten everything out.
With renewed thanks for your friendly assistance,
(Signed) Reginald Poland,
July 19, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Informal walk-talk at Fine Arts Gallery will stress variety of exhibits, by Reginald Poland.
July 26, 1942, San Diego Union, A-5:2-4. Mrs. Emily Burlingame, San Diego Zoo technician, takes over orphaned mule deer.
July 26, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Carl Skinner, Fine Arts Gallery custodian, to discuss exhibitions in informal walk-talk, by Reginald Poland.
July 29, 1942, Minutes of the Board of Park Commissioners
Concession for operation of Kiddie Kar Ride in Balboa Park ordered canceled August 3, 1942.
Mrs. Lucille Cahill given permission to operate Kiddie Kar Ride on the basis of seven cents admission charge and give percent of the gross receipts to the city.
July 30, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:6-7. Empress, big San Diego Zoo elephant, dies after 20 years.
BALBOA PARK HISTORY
August 2, 1942, San Diego Union, A-12:2. San Diego Zoological Society plans election of four directors.
August 2, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:8, B-10:1. Volunteers guard San Diego 24 hours daily against enemy air attack; more women needed for filter center, by Ruth Taunton.
August 2, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Work of summer water-color class to be discussed by Reginald Poland.
August 2, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:5. Walk-talk offered by Museum of Man.
August 2, 1942, San Diego Union, D-1:6-8. Silvergate Riding Club stages 10th annual horse show August 9 at Balboa Park Riding Academy ring.
August 6, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1-8. Nazis near Stalingrad in new push (headline).
August 8, 1942, San Diego Union, B-10:2. Al Bahr to hold ceremony at San Diego Zoo.
August 9, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Alfred Mitchell to talk today on contemporary painting, by Reginald Poland.
August 10, 1942, San Diego Union, A-3:1. Large crowd sees spirited horse show in Balboa Park arena.
August 11, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1-8. Marines battling on Solomons (headline).
August 16, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1-8. Auto dim-out to affect all of San Diego (headline); 20-mile speed limit ordered.
August 16, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Julia G. Andrews will discuss high points in Italian painting.
August 16, 1942, San Diego Union, D-2:6. St. Francis Chapel in Balboa Park setting for wedding rites.
August 21, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:2. Blind Club tours San Diego Zoo at annual picnic.
August 23, 1942, San Diego Union, A-19:2-4. Japanese tea garden converted to Red Cross Service Men’s Club.
Servicemen who visit the club will find pool and ping pong tables, cards, radio and a phonograph, a writing room and hostesses ready to assist with the wrapping of bundles.
August 23, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:1. Belle J. Benchley reviews "My Friends, the Apes."
August 23, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:2. Museum of Man will give quiz.
August 23, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Fine Arts Gallery director will discuss work of three French masters, by Julia G. Andrews.
August 24, 1942, San Diego Union, A-2:1-4. Ed Fletcher reviews seven years of service in State Senate.
August 30, 1942, San Diego Union, A-13:2-3. Baby condor born at San Diego Zoo; his nest is in a cave in the large eagle cage and he is guarded closely by his jealous parents; "Bum," the daddy of the new condor measures about ten feet from wing tip to wing tip.
August 30, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:3. Museum of Man lectures listed.
August 30, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Fine Arts Gallery to provide work studio, art materials for service men, by Reginald Poland.
BALBOA PARK HISTORY
September 4, 1942, San Diego Union, A-10:2. Letter from Belle J. Benchley.
September 6, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Gallery tea will open exhibition of United Nations War Poster Art, by Reginald Poland.
September 10, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:3-4, B:1-8. Thousands see fighting units at Admission Day parade.
September 11, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:4. City Council denies park land use for to private groups for air-raid shelters.
September 13, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:27, B-2:1. Heads or tails --- exotic animals in San Diego Zoo win either way; functional design aids; odd features assist in keeping alive, by Ruth Taunton.
September 13, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:8. City’s war preparation bill exceeds $100,000 for 1941-42 fiscal year.
September 13, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. George W. Bellows lithography will be topic of talk by Fine Arts Gallery director, by Reginald Poland.
September 19, 1942, San Diego Union, A-3:2-4. Cannon at San Diego Zoo destined for nation’s scrap pile.
September 20, 1942, San Diego Union, A-12:2-5. Mbongo, life-size mounting of gorilla, displayed under glass at Natural History Museum.
September 20, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:5-8. Fine Arts Gallery will provide free critic, materials for artists in service, by Reginald Poland.
September 20, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:8. San Diego population jumps to 340,000, excluding military personnel.
September 22, 1942 (?), Undated Letter, From: R. S. Holmes; To: Mr. Roy L. Nicholson, Regional Director, FWA, 615 Newhouse Building, Salt Lake City, Utah, NH16/A1-1/A16-3, National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
Decision was made several months ago to move the U. S. O. unit from Building No. 12, Balboa Park Hospital Annex in order that the Naval Hospital could utilize this space for its activities. The Medical Officer in Command of the Naval Hospital reports that the situation in regard to providing quarters for bachelor Medical Officers is becoming increasingly serious and desires information as to when this space in Building No. 12 will be made available.
Mr. L. J. Seckels, local representative of the Federal Works Agency, has telephoned that the office of Mr. Wayne Neal, Field Recreation representative, Federal Security Agency in San Diego, has received word from Mr. Grove Sullivan, Area Engineer, to the effect that the work of remodeling a building known as the Parmelee-Dohrmann Building at "C" and Seventh Streets, San Diego, will be handled by the Federal Works Agency. In order that the Naval Hospital may be ahead with its plan for work in Building No. 12, it is requested that the Naval District be informed as to the status of this work and prospects for its early prosecution. Mr. Seckels stated he had no information about the priority preference rating having been established and information on this point is also requested.
Yours very truly,
R. S. HOLMES
September 23, 1942, San Diego Union, B-2:1. EDITORIAL: Keep It in Mind.
The reminder of Allen Perry, city park director, that some attention should be directed toward preservation of the buildings in Balboa Park after the war and that government assistance will be needed, is timely and to the point.
The park buildings constitute one of the most beautiful architectural groups in the nation and on two occasions they have advertised this city to the world through their part in housing international expositions of rare beauty and charm. Their utility also has been demonstrated in the intervening years and the part they are now playing in the national war effort is considerable.
With all the other millions of dollars invested in government structures in San Diego, the park buildings balance the community and afford an idea cultural background which should be preserved.
September 27, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:6. Out-of-town colleagues meet for San Diego Zoo picnic.
September 27, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. "Life in the Service" exhibition to be topic of Fine Arts Gallery talk, by Reginald Poland.
September 30, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:1. Mrs. Roosevelt at Coronado; plans inspection of hospitals here.
BALBOA PARK HISTORY
October 1, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1-2, B:4. First lady indorses campaign of Negro college in talk at the First Methodist Church in San Diego.
October 1, 1942, San Diego Union, B:1-3. Mrs. Roosevelt sees grim realities of war on hospital visits here.
October 2, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:4-5, B:7-8. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt inspects San Diego plans on secret tour of nation.
October 4, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Alfred R. Mitchell will assist service men in Fine Arts Gallery art work, by Reginald Poland.
October 5, 1942, San Diego Union, A-2:2-4. Patsy, lesser panda, born at San Diego Zoo.
October 11, 1942, San Diego Union, A-8:2-4. Crib aids table manners of tortoises at San Diego Zoo.
October 11, 1942, San Diego Union, C-9:6-8. Prize-winning photographs shown in special exhibit at Fine Arts Gallery, by Julia G. Andrews.
October 18, 1942, San Diego Union, A-6:2-4. Blackie, black leopard, born at San Diego Zoo.
October 18, 1942, San Diego Union, C-9:6-8. Tiepolo’s famed "Flight to Egypt" shown at Fine Arts Gallery, by Julia G. Andrews.
October 25, 1942, San Diego Union, B-12:2-3. Johnny Seal, at San Diego Zoo, now two months old.
October 25, 1942, San Diego Union, C-9:6-8. Klauber sisters exhibit paintings; program planned for servicemen, by Reginald Poland.
October 28, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:3, A:2-3. Pride in Navy shown by San Diego; program at Stadium highlight of 20th anniversary of Navy Day; luncheon in the El Cortez Hotel; Captain Earl L. Sackett, commanding officer of Canopus, a submarine tender, which fought to the last in the American stand in the Philippines, and Lt. Commander Harold F. Dearth, U. S. N., retired, of regimental headquarters, Camp Kidd, were principal speakers; dinner-dance in the evening in the Sala Grande ballroom of the Hotel San Diego.
Balboa Stadium was the setting for an elaborate program which included a mass salute to the flag by the San Diego High School and Roosevelt Junior High School students, community singing, selections by the Camp Kidd navy band, and formation marches and drills by Naval Training Station and School units.
October 30, 1942, San Diego Union, A-8:6. Chrysanthemum show to open in Natural History Museum tomorrow.
BALBOA PARK HISTORY
November 1, 1942, San Diego Union, C-9:6-8. Fine Arts Gallery announces gift of "Flight to Egypt" by Tiepolo, by Reginald Poland.
November 1, 1942, San Diego Union, C-9:5. Talks scheduled at Museum of Man.
November 4, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1-8. [Governor] Warren scores decisive victory (headline).
November 5, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1, A-2:5. P. J. Benbough succumbs to lengthy illness; San Diego mourns loss of wartime mayor; services tomorrow.
November 8, 1942, San Diego Union, A-8:1. Museum of Natural History lists dates for November events.
November 8, 1942, San Diego Union, A-8:2-3. Ngagi, gorilla, pride of San Diego Zoo, weighs 635 pounds.
November 8, 1942, San Diego Union, A-18:1-3. For the 6th consecutive year the House of Pacific Relations will sponsor its annual Fiesta of Nations Friday night in the Vasa clubhouse, 3094 El Cajon Boulevard.
November 8, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:2. D. R. Smith, specialist First Class, attached to the 11th District Chaplains Corps, will give a free organ recital for servicemen and their guests at the Balboa Park Organ Pavilion this afternoon at 2.
November 8, 1942, San Diego Union, C-9:6-8. San Diego Guild members open 28th annual exhibition at Fine Arts Gallery, by Reginald Poland.
November 11, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:3-4, A-3:6. San Diego to forego usual rites on anniversary of war end; moment of silence to be marked at 11 a.m., but workers to remain on production job; band concert in downtown Plaza from 10 to 11 a.m.
November 12, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1-8. French fleet joins allies (headline).
November 15, 1942, San Diego Union, A-14:2-4. Golden monkeys at San Diego Zoo became parents.
November 15, 1942, San Diego Union, C-9:6-8. Program for service men at Fine Arts Gallery.
November 16, 1942, Mailgram Via TWX to NTS SD; National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
NAVTRASTA SANDIEGO CALIF ARLINGTON V 136 BUPER EXLIST TWX
ASSUMING RECRUIT TRAINING ACITIVITES REMOVED FROM BALBOA PARK REQUEST ESTIMATED MAXIMUM POSSIBLE WEEKLY RECRUIT INPUT QUOTA WITH STATION ON EIGHT NINE TEN ELEVEN AND TWELVE WEEKS TRAINING PERIODS X MAKE NECESSARY ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING RECRUITS BEFORE AND AFTER TRAINING INCLUDING THOSE RETURNED FROM RECRUIT LEAVE X REQUEST CAPACITY OF BALBOA PARK IF USED AS A RECEIVING STATION
November 16, 1942. MAILGRAM, 2328 . . R V CS; National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
ARL 136 BAVTRASTA SANDIEGO TWX 11-15-1155/PST
YOUR TWX 11-16-1205 X WITH TRAINING ACTIVITIES REMOVED FROM BALBOA PARK MAXIMUM WEEKLY RECRUIT INPUT QUOTA EIGHT WEEK TRAINING 2120 NINE WEEK 1910 TEN WEEK 1735 ELEVEN WEEK 1600 TWELVE WEEK 1470 X CAPACITY OF BALBOA PARK IF USED AS RECEIVING STATION 4500 EXCLUSIVE OF SHIPS COMPANY.
November 17, 1942, Letter, From: The Chief of the Bureau of Medicine & Surgery; To: The Vice Chief of Naval Operations; Via: The Chief of the Bureau of Yards and Docks; F-EO; National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
Subject: U. S. Naval Hospital, San Diego, California - Construction of dispersed storage facilities.
Reference: (a) Contract Authorization Act approved Aug. 6, 1942.
(b) VCNO ltr. to all shore activities and Bureaus and Offices of Navy Department
OP-10-ML S01014 1003 Serial 29610 dated Oct. 15, 1942.
1. It is requested that construction of three temporary storehouses at the U. S. Naval Hospital, San Diego, California be authorized.
2. These buildings are urgently needed to allow the activity to keep a normal stock of medical supplies. This hospital has at present 3,300 patients and the storage facilities available were provided for a hospital of approximately 1,000 beds. This situation makes necessary the use of basements and other spaces which are unsatisfactory for storage and even so the hospital is unable to store the necessary amount of supplies.
3. The buildings will be of the cheapest, one-story, frame construction and their structural stability will be sufficient only to serve the purpose intended for the period of their contemplated war use. The total estimated cost of three buildings is $45,000 or $15,000 each. Funds are available now under the reference Act from sums held in reserve for the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery.
4. This Bureau has considered this project in the light of reference (b) and is of the opinion that it is necessary for the war effort and that it has an direct and important bearing thereon.
L. Sheldon, Jr.
U. S. N. H., San Diego, Calif.
November 22, 1942, San Diego Union, A-10:1-3. Dr. Wegeforth bust accorded place of honor in director’s building, just inside south gate of San Diego Zoo.
November 22, 1942, San Diego Union, C-9:6-8. Instruction in First Aid to begin in Fine Arts Gallery today, by Reginald Poland.
November 24, 1942, Letter, From: The Medical Officer in Command; To: The Commandant, Eleventh Naval District, NH16/A1-1 (MDW:ml); National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
SUBJECT: Acquisition of Camp Kidd for the Naval Hospital, San Diego.
1. It is understood that the Naval Training Station has now no urged need for their overflow "Camp Kidd" in Balboa Park; this due to completion of their main great station and the extension of the training period from 5 to 8 weeks. The Naval Hospital extension into Balboa Park --- along Laurel Street --- is separated from Camp Kidd by a line fence only, in fact the two sites converge, the entrance into Camp Kidd being mainly through the hospital reservation. The patient load at the hospital is now nearing peak capacity, and in view of the war emergency, acquisition of Camp Kidd as a natural extension to the hospital site is urgently requested.
2. Casualties from the war zone in Southwest Pacific are now arriving, and must be expected to continue in mounting numbers. San Diego Naval Hospital maintains the professional personnel and surgical and medical equipment necessary to meet all these demands in a highly efficient manner, providing berthing space for ambulatory patients be available, this to provide large reserve wards to meet emergency demands created by incoming wounded evacuees.
3. The present complement of medical officers, nurses, and hospital corpsmen is considered adequate for covering this expansion. The hospital is prepared to treat and to manage all types of wounded, injured and medical cases. The new large additions to the surgical operating suites have been completed and are now in use. Specially equipped surgical suites for neuro-surgical, eye, ear, nose and throat, thoracic, abdominal, orthopedic, and plastic and reconstruction surgical cases are available. The medical service maintains completely equipped departments for neuro- psychiatry, cardiology, contagious diseases, respiratory diseases, gastro-enterology, arthritis, tuberculosis, and a diagnostic department. An excellent staff of trained specialists, surgeons and internists, nurses and corpsmen, is ready and in numbers sufficient to meet any emergency within reason.
4. The following chart shows the monthly admissions and discharges since January 1st this year:
Total Total Average
Admissions Discharges Daily Load Peak Load
JANUARY 1694 1168 1347.935 1623
FEBRUARY 2032 1602 1945.1785 2125
MARCH 2480 2116 2263.5161 2456
APRIL 2166 2227 2352.0666 2432
MAY 2073 2124 2340.13 2488
JUNE 2018 1860 2370.30 2518
JULY 1704 1705 2503.40 2619
AUGUST 1854 1536 2520.06 2762
SEPTEMBER 1901 1803 2654.46 2930
OCTOBER 2348 2081 3082.13 3265
NOVEMBER 2364 1795 3456. 3620
NOTE: - A steady increase in average daily load despite a remarkably high daily discharge of patients will be noted. Today we have a census of 3,620. The hospital has a capacity of 4,332 beds. This leaves 712 unoccupied beds. Recently two ships brought in a total of 600 war casualties. A census of 3,000 to 4,000 patients usually carries at least 25 percent ambulatory patients who may be moved about freely.
5. Camp Kidd’s berthing and messing facilities are ample for 2,000 convalescent wounded and probably 1,000 additional medical cases. This vent would allow for substantial reserve main hospital surgical and medical ward spaces for bedridden wounded and seriously ill.
6. Dispersement of the convalescent sick from the seriously ill would permit the streamlining of administrative and professional management so that no additional professional staff would be necessary except a normal increase of attendants should the patient load exceed 5,000.
7. Cost of Conversion. Necessary changes to convert Camp Kidd into additional hospital wards would be practically nil. No alteration, no major structural changes are contemplated. The existing buildings are newer and in much better condition than the Park buildings now occupied on Laurel Street. They are dry, amply heated, and well ventilated. They will serve as comfortable wards without alterations. Messing facilities are ample and would permit food carting as readily as our present system at the main hospital to our outlying wards.
8. Provisions for needed recreational facilities at the hospital have been deferred in keeping with recent material restrictions made necessary for the prosecution of the war. The Camp Kidd site contains recreation rooms, outdoor amphitheater, library, and game spaces that would cover this really serious situation very well.
9. To summarize, -
(1) Camp Kidd provides a natural expansion to present cramped hospital facilities.
(2) This at no additional Government cost and no delay in occupancy.
(3) The present administrative and professional staff is considered ample to take over and maintain this site as additional wards to our present Balboa Park Hospital Annex.
(4) Needed recreational facilities for the hospital would be immediately provided.
(5) The need for additional hospital beds for the care of incoming wounded is considered urgent, especially as San Diego’s proximity to the Southwest Pacific renders it an important debarkation center.
/s/ GEO. C. THOMAS
November 24, 1942, San Diego Union, A-4:2-3. Women needed in San Diego plants.
November 25, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:1, B:7-8. San Diego cafes start meatless days.
November 26, 1942, Letter, From: The Commandant, Eleventh Naval District, San Diego, California; To: The Secretary of the Navy; ND11/NH16/(1-a), Serial H-3687 868038; Via: (1) The Chief of the Bureau of Medicine & Surgery; (2) The Chief of Naval Personnel; Restricted Classification Removed per E. O. 10501; National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
Subject: Acquisition of Camp Kidd to augment facilities at the Naval Hospital, San Diego.
References: (a) WPM&S-46.
Enclosure: (A) Communications from BuPers to NTS,SD TWX-11-16-1205/PSt; and from NTS
SD to BuPers - TWX 11-16-1155/PST.
1. In March, 1942, a survey was made to determine the maximum number of hospital beds required in the Eleventh Naval District. This estimate showed that 6,250 were required. These were provided by reference (b).
2. During the past eight months the three existing hospitals in this District have been expanded, or are being expanded by current construction, as follows:
Naval Hospital, San Diego 4,300
Naval Hospital, Corona 1,000
Naval Hospital, Long Beach 300
Expansion of the Naval Hospital, San Diego has been completed. The Naval Hospital, Long Beach, will be commissioned December 15, 1942, but additional ward buildings at the Naval Hospital, Corona will not be completed until March, 1943.
3. From these comparative figures, it will be seen that the total number of hospital beds in sight is 650 less than the plan expansion, exclusive of other factors which have developed since last March.
4. The survey referred to in paragraph 1 above, was based upon 60,000 Naval personnel to be concentrated in the District. Since that time, however, many District Units have been constructed which were not planned in March, 1942. Furthermore, many District Units have been expanded very much beyond their original plans. A recent re-survey of personnel shows that there are now approximately 170,000 persons within the District, either actual or planned.
5. Using the figure of 170,000 as a base, and applying the factors as directed in references (a), (40 beds per thousand for seasoned personnel, and 60 beds per thousand for trainees) shows that 7,700 hospital beds are required, exclusive of the 3,000 beds demanded by reference (a); or a grant total of 10,700 hospital beds which should be provided in the Eleventh Naval District.
6. Since March, 1942 the Naval Hospital at Camp Pendleton has been authorized and is now under construction with a bed capacity of 600. It is scheduled to be completed in March, 1943. These beds, added to the 5,600 mentioned in paragraph 2 above give a total of 6,200 beds in sight in the District, a deficiency of 4,500 beds (10,700 minus 6,200 equals 4,500).
7. In paragraph 5 of basic letter it is stated that facilities at Camp Kidd would provide 3,000 hospital beds in addition to the 4,300 now available in the Naval Hospital, San Diego, provided this Camp were diverted to hospital use. This would make a total of 7,300 beds available in this hospital and reduce the District deficiency, as point out in paragraph 6 above, to 1,500.
8. Experience gained during the past few months shows that there is a constant flow of war casualties from combat areas in the Pacific to West Coast hospitals. The Naval Hospital, San Diego, is rapidly reaching the limit of its capacity. Considering future land operations in the Pacific for which large Marine Units are being organized, it is reasonable to assume that such Amphibious Corps activities will be reflected in large hospital casualties, which will probably be sent direct to San Diego as had been done recently. The Inspector of Medical Department Activities, Pacific Coast, has recently stated that the hospitals in the Twelfth Naval District are about filled to capacity, and that consideration is being given to transferring some 500 patients to the Eleventh or Thirteenth Naval Districts. From this, it may be seen that the hospital situation on the West Coast is critical. It appears that the Bureau’s estimate of 3,000 hospital beds for war casualties in the Eleventh Naval District, referred to in paragraph 5 above, is an understatement.
9. The question of the Navy commandeering hotels in this area for the augmentation of hospital facilities has been given careful consideration. The housing situation in San Diego is very acute, and there are not sufficient facilities due to the defense housing situation, to allow for commandeering of any of the hotels without interfering with the war effort. The only hotel which might be considered available for this purpose is the Coronado Hotel. This hotel has an estimated bed capacity of 800. Due to its location on the waterfront and the character of its construction as regards fire hazard, acquisition of this hotel is not recommended. This hotel is already partially leased by the Navy for the purpose of housing bachelor officers on duty in this area. Furthermore it has been determined that the conversion of hotels to hospitals for the Navy is not practical or economical. Additionally, acquisition of hotels for conversions would require separate hospital staffs and additional hospital equipment.
10. The alterations to all of the Exposition Buildings acquired by the Navy in Balboa Park, which include the Hospitals and Training Station Annex, were accomplished under the same appropriation - 17X1489.
11. In connection with the possible transfer of recruit training activities from Balboa Park, attention is invited to communications between the Bureau of Personnel and the Naval Training Station, San Diego, attached as enclosure (A).
12. The buildings in question are the property of the City of San Diego and were assigned by the Commandant to the Naval Training Station to permit the handling of the large number of recruits entering the Navy immediately after the outbreak of the war. Since this has become an established activity, the Commandant does not desire to transfer the use of these facilities without reference to the Secretary of the Navy.
13. In view of the foregoing, the Commandant concurs in the recommendation of the Medical Officer in Command, Naval Hospital, San Diego, as outlined in basic letter, and recommends that Camp Kidd be transferred to the Naval Hospital, San Diego, as additional hospital facilities.
MOinC, Nav.Hosp., SD.
November 27, 1942 (?), Letter, undated except for handwritten "11/27" notation; From: The Commandant; To: The Chief of the Bureau of Yards and Docks; Via: The Chief of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery; NH16/A1-1/A16-3 (Serial No. P-8618); National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
SUBJECT: Alterations to Arcade of Building, Balboa Park Hospital Extension - Request for Funds for.
Reference: (a) ComEleven ltr NH16/A1-1 Serial No. P-8318 to BuDocks via BuMed dated
October 30, 1942,
(b) BuMed ltr NH16/L803 (081*41) dated 10 Nov., 1942 to MOinC, NH, SD.
1. By reference (a) the Bureau was requested for funds to make alterations to one of the open arcades of the Panama Pacific [sic] Fair Buildings in Balboa Park, to provide a library and writing room for corpsmen at this activity.
2. By reference (b) the Bureau agreed that these alterations are necessary and requested that the Medical Officer-in-Command of the Hospital consider the possibility of accomplishing this work by maintenance labor.
3. The accomplishment of this work by the maintenance force is not desirable at the present time for the following reasons:
(a) This work is not a maintenance item, but one involving additional construction.
(b) The priority rating obtainable by the hospital for maintenance work is not sufficiently high to procure the necessary materials for these alterations.
(c) The maintenance crew is fully occupied by strictly maintenance items which would have to be neglected if this work were accomplished by the maintenance force.
(d) It is believed that the work can be more economically and expeditiously accomplished by the Contractors crew which is presently working in this area.
4. Therefore, it is requested that the Commandant be granted an allotment in the amount of $5,000 for the accomplishment of this work. It is recommended that this be accomplished by a change order under Contract Noy-4412. All plans to be prepared by the District. No subcontractor required. Approximately two (2) weeks will be required for the accomplishment of this Project.
G. M. RAVENSCROFT,
Chief of Staff.
November 28, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:3. San Diego cafes stop serving butter.
November 29, 1942, San Diego Union, A-4:4. San Diego Zoological Society names committees.
November 29, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:1, B-12:1. San Diego High School plans 10th homecoming with old timers; Class of 1897 invited as agitators for new school house.
November 29, 1942, San Diego Union, C-9:3. Lectures scheduled at Museum of Man.
November 29, 1942, San Diego Union, C-9:6-8. Fine Arts Gallery exhibits portrait of Spanish Infanta by Velazquez, by Julia G. Andrews.
BALBOA PARK HISTORY
December 1, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:2-3, B:7-8. City Council in surprise move names Dr. H. D. Bard, mayor.
December 5, 1942, San Diego Union, A-1:4, A;4. President Roosevelt orders closing of WPA; says war prosperity ends need.
December 6, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:2-3, B-12:1. Natural History Museum reproduces wildlife scenes, by Ruth Taunton.
December 6, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:8. Eleventh Avenue freeway through Balboa Park plans changed by war; State revision provides four lanes instead of six.
December 6, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Art of Latin America to be topic of talk at Fine Arts Gallery, by Julia G. Andrews.
December 13, 1942, San Diego Union, A-4:2-4. Emus present problem for San Diego Zoo officials; emerged from their eggs last Easter; the tall birds are being kept in the bird house pending completion of their new enclosure; friendly and inquisitive; insist of sampling food being prepared in the bird house.
December 13, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:1. Growing city has face lifted architecturally, by Mel Mayne.
December 13, 1942, San Diego Union, C-1:8, D-2:1. Fine Arts Gallery offers holiday exhibition.
December 20, 1942, San Diego Union, A-17:1. Playgrounds schedule holiday events.
December 20, 1942, San Diego Union, A-17:2-4. San Diego Zoo orphans bottle-fed; deer, sheep eagerly await noon meal.
December 20, 1942, San Diego Union, B-1:5, B-12:1. Work on Harbor Drive progresses toward completion by midsummer.
December 20, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Fine Arts Gallery features Christmas theme in music, art, by Reginald Poland.
December 22, 1942, Letter, From: The Chief of Naval Personnel; To: The Secretary of the Navy; Via: The Vice Chief of Naval Operations; Pers.10HLT, NH16(534); National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region.
Subject: Acquisition of Camp Kidd to augment facilities at the Naval Hospital, San Diego, California.
2. In view of the completion of three new Naval Training Stations this Bureau is in the process of removing all recruit training activities from Balboa Park, since these facilities are no longer required for such recruit training.
3. There is, however, a definite need for increased receiving station capacity at San Diego. The present receiving station, San Diego, which is located at the Destroyer Base has a capacity of 2,200 men. The latest report indicates that this receiving station is filled to over-flow, and that additional facilities are immediately required. It has been the intention of the Bureau to utilize Balboa Park for this much needed expansion. In addition to known needs, a sudden influx of personnel from combat theaters must be provided for. It is expected that such would be available at Balboa Park. To utilize Balboa Park as a hospital would necessitate augmenting the receiving station capacity at some other location by the capacity now available at Balboa Park.
4. This Bureau, therefore, recommends against the transfer of existing facilities at Camp Kidd, Balboa Park, to use as an adjunct of the Naval Hospital, San Diego.
5. In view of the prospective increasing need for additional receiving station capacity at San Diego, it is recommended that Balboa Park be established as an activity under the Commanding Officer, Receiving Station, San Diego, with the following official designation:
U. S. Naval Receiving Barracks
Balboa Park , San Diego, California.
6. If this recommendation is approved the Bureaus of Yards and Docks, Supplies and Accounts,
and Ships are requested to set up the necessary maintenance allotments.
CO, USNH, San Diego
December 25, 1942, San Diego Union, B:2-5. Jap midget sub on display at Balboa Park site.
December 27, 1942, San Diego Union, C-7:6-8. Ship modeling class for service men to open at Fine Arts Gallery, by Reginald Poland.
December 31, 1942, San Diego Union, A-8:1-5. George W. Marston gives birthday party for Colonel Ed Fletcher.